Anal Fistula: Causes and Effective Treatments

Anal fistulas are one of the most embarasing, uncomfortable conditions you can experience. Thankfully, this problem is fully treatable, especially if you act promptly and seek the help of an experienced proctologist.

Ronald Ambe, MD, has been serving those in the Kingwood, Texas area for years. He understands the delicate situations that people find themselves in when they develop rectal issues, including anal fistulas. If you’re struggling with pain, embarrassment, and unpleasant side effects caused by your condition, Dr. Ambe and his discreet staff will help you review your options and find a way forward.

Anal fistula basics

Anal fistulas form when an abcess in the anus leaves a tunnel behind. Anal abscesses are often caused by glands within the anus becoming clogged and infected. This causes pus and other fluids to build up inside. When the abscess bursts, the resulting tunnel is referred to as a fistula. Once you develop an abscess, your chances of developing an anal fistula become 26% to 38%, depending on the specific factors of your situation, treatment, and recovery. Fistulas typically will not heal on their own, and medical intervention (such as fistulotomy surgery) is usually required.

Risk factors for anal fistulas

Anal abscesses and fistulas are rare, but they can be traced back to certain medical issues, including sexually transmitted diseases. Among the risk factors for fistulas also include those with the following conditions:

  • Cancer
  • Anal trauma
  • Diverticulitis
  • Tuberculosis
  • Crohn’s disease

Anal fistulas often come with unpleasant side effects, including rectal pain, swelling, and foul-smelling discharge. If you develop a fever and experience fatigue, you need to seek medical help right away.

Anal fistula treatment options

Once your doctor examines you and locates the anal fistula, it’s time to discuss your treatment options. Most people opt for fistulotomy surgeries to fix the issue, but other measures can be taken to treat your fistula. These include:

  • Anal fistula plug
  • Endoanal advancement flap
  • Fibrin glue injection
  • Ligation of the intersphincteric fistula tract (LIFT)

Most of these treatments, including fistulotomies, are outpatient procedures that require an experienced surgeon. Dr. Ambe can walk you through each one and answer your questions about them. If you’re not sure how to move forward, he can assess your unique situation and offer advice.

Suffering from an anal fistula? The sooner you seek help, the sooner you can heal. Don’t wait! Get in touch with Dr. Ambe by calling 832-280-8691, or request an appointment online.

Call Us Text Us
Skip to content